Ever wanted to know more about HDB approved dogs along with some fun facts and interesting information about them? There are many people out there who live in HDBs that want to adopt/own a dog, but are unsure about which dog breeds would suit them or their families. Kohepets is proud to present to you a quick guide to learn a little more about all of HDB approved dogs.
Some breeds have generalised traits that may make them more appealing than other breeds. This is just one of the many reasons why it is important to be knowledgeable about a breed of dog you are interested in before you make the final decision regarding which one will become part of your family!
Quick note: Some dog breeds are repeated throughout the list under different classifications of names. This list is based on the HDB approved dogs list provided at the official www.hdb.gov.sg website.
The following is a comprehensive list by Kohepets*of all of the HDB approved dogs that are allowed in Singapore flats and basic information about each breed.
*Please do note that we do not sell live animals at Kohepets. We do however, provide the largest range of quality pet supplies online for every pawrent and furkid’s needs – and our customers enjoy discounted rates on certain pet related services from our large array of partners ranging from grooming, veterinarians, obedience schools and personalised items. To find out more, just call or drop us a message, our friendly customer service staff are always ready to provide advice and assistance. We have everything you need whether you are a new dog owner or an existing one.
Visit us at: www.kohepets.com.sg
List Of HDB Approved Dogs
Here is a list of all HDB approved Dog Breeds. Click on the name of the breed you are interested in to jump to that section!
- Australian Silky Terrier
- Australian Terrier
- Bichon Frise
- Bohemian Terrier
- Brussels Griffon (Griffon Bruxaellois)
- Bichon Havanese
- Border Terrier
- Boston Terrier (Lightweight / Middleweight)
- Cairn Terrier
- Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
- Chinese Crested Dog
- Chinese Imperial Chin
- Chinese Temple Dog (Classic and Miniature)
- Coton de Tulear
- Czech Terrier
- Dachshund (Light and Miniature)
- Dandie Dinmont Terrier
- English Toy Spaniel
- Griffon Belge
- German Hunting Terrier
- Griffon Brabancon
- Hairless Dog
- Italian Greyhound
- Jack Russell Terrier
- Japanese Spaniel (Chin)
- Japanese Spitz
- Lhasa Apso
- Little Lion Dog
- Lakeland Terrier
- Manchester Terrier
- Miniature Pinscher
- Miniature Schnauzer
- Norfolk Terrier
- Norwich Terrier
- Miniature Poodle
- Scottish Terrier
- Sealyham Terrier
- Shetland Sheep dog
- Shih Tzu
- Silky Terrier
- Small Continental Spaniel
- Small English Terrier
- Small Spitz
- Smooth Fox Terrier
- Toy Fox Terrier
- Toy Terrier
- Tibetan Spaniel
- Volpino Italiano
- West Highland Terrier
- Wire-Haired Fox Terrier
- Welsh Terrier
- Yorkshire Terrier
- Singapore Special (Project Adore)
Affenpinschers are known as Monkey Terriers because they have an apish look. The breed originated in Germany and has been known since the sixteen hundreds. Affenpinschers weigh roughly between six pounds and thirteen pounds. They stand between nine and twelve inches tall.
Did You Know?: This breed allegedly does not shed.
Fun Fact: Affenpinschers are easy to train to do a variety of tricks such as walking on two legs!
Breed Common Health Problems: Respiratory issues in hot weather, hip dysplasia, luxating patella, and collapsed trachea, prone to fractures
Ideal for: Affenpinschers make great companions to people without small children.Affenpinschers are great pets for people who lead active lifestyles as this breed is well-known for being active.
2) Australian Silky Terrier
The Australian Silky Terrier may originate from Australia, but its ancestors actually came from Great Britain. This breed is closely related to the Yorkshire terrier and Australian terrier. This breed officially got its name in 1955. Australian Silky Terriers are short in stature, only standing around nine to ten inches tall.
Did You Know?: The Australian Silky Terrier was historically used for killing snakes and rodents.
Fun Fact: The Australian Silky Terrier was specifically bred to be a companion dog even though most Australian breeds were bred to be work dogs.
Breed Common Health Problems: Tracheal collapse, severe matting, teeth and gum problems, epilepsy, luxating patella, white shaker dog syndrome.
Ideal for: The Australian Silky Terrier is ideal for families with older children. It is perfect for people who are active and love being outside. This breed is great for people who do not have any other pets.
3) Australian Terrier
Similar to the Australian Silky Terrier, this terrier dog type originated in Australia, but is suspected to have ancestors from Great Britain. Often identified as a “hypoallergenic pet” that weighs fourteen to sixteen pounds. This breed is roughly ten inches tall. Its coat is shaggy with colours of blue, red, and tan. This breed can live for twelve to fourteen years. This breed is somewhat simple to house train because of their high level of intelligence.
Did You Know?: This breed was kept to get rid of rats and mice.
Fun Fact: Adult males of this breed do not get along with any other type of male dog.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating patella, diabetes, cataracts, allergic dermatitis, ear infections.
Ideal For: Australian Terriers are great for people who do not have any other pets and enjoy being outside. Owners must devote enough time to keep these dogs socialised and entertained.
4) Bichon Frise
The Bichon Frise is another allegedly ‘hypoallergenic’ toy breed that has a silky medium length coat with corkscrew curls-often sporting Dandelion haircuts. They can weigh anywhere from six to eleven pounds. They can stand between nine and eleven inches tall. They are often pure white, but there are some black ones.
Did You Know?: Spanish explorers introduced this breed to the Canary Islands.
Fun Fact: Spanish sailors often used this breed for trading purposes.
Breed Common Health Problems: Allergic to pollen, dust, and fleas, heart disease, diabetes, cataracts, skin conditions caused by excessive chewing on themselves.
Ideal For: This breed is ideal for families or anyone who is looking for a new family member or best friend. This breed is friendly with children and other animals which makes it a great pet for just about anyone.
5) Bohemian Terrier
The Bohemian Terrier is often referred to also as a Cesky Terrier. This breed originated in Czechoslovakia where they were bred for the first time by Frantisek Horak in 1948. They have a silky coat that can range in color. They are mostly covered in fur with shades of gray, black, and charcoal. They are roughly ten to eleven inches tall. The breed weighs between thirteen and twenty two pounds and measure seventeen inches in length.
Did You Know?: This breed was designed with hunting in mind.
Fun Fact: Bohemian Terriers are the sixth rarest dog breed in the entire world.
Breed Common Health Problems: Hip dysplasia, Scotty Cramp, luxating patella, thyroid problems, and cardiac problems.
Ideal For: This breed is ideal for people who are laid back because Bohemian Terriers are not known overly active. They may be good with older children, but homes with very younger children should consider another breed.
6) Bolognese dog
Not to be confused with the popular Italian dish with a similar sounding name – this small toy breed of dog originates from Italy. The Bolognese dog breed is actually cousins of the Bichon Frise breed. Unlike the Bichon Frise, the Bolognese has long curly white locks. These dogs usually weigh between seven and twelve pounds and are nine to twelve inches tall. Bolognese dogs are white in color and can live up to fourteen years.
Did You Know?: Bolognese dogs were around for a long time, dating back to the twelfth century.
Fun Fact: Catherine the Great of Russia owned Bolognese dogs.
Breed Common Health Problems: This breed is usually healthy and have no known breed common health problems.
Ideal for: This breed is ideal for just about anyone. Bolognese dogs are great with other animals and children. They become very attached to the person who takes care of them.
7) Brussels Griffon
Brussels Griffon are also known as Griffon Bruxaellois. This toy breed gets their name from Brussels, Belgium where they originated. This alleged ‘hypoallergenic’ breed has fur with a wide variety of colours ranging from red, tan, black, and beige. Brussels Griffons easily recognisable by the extra long coat around their face, almost like a beard. These dogs can be as tall as eight inches and weigh up to twelve pounds. They also can have a lifespan that lasts up to fifteen years.
Did You Know?: Belgium barely had any Brussels Griffons left after World War II.
Fun Fact: In the past, these dogs were bred with pugs and King Charles Spaniels.
Breed Common Health Problems: Congenital defects such as Chiari like malformation and Syringomyelia.
Ideal For: This is the ideal breed for active families with children. It is an ideal companion for the elderly because this breed has a rather calm temperament. They can make excellent watch dogs and are extremely intelligent.
8) Bichon Havanese
The Bichon Havanese is the national dog of Cuba. This breed was developed from Blanquito de la Habana, which is now extinct. The Blankquito de la Habana was cross bred with other types of Bichon dogs which ultimate led to the creation of the Bichon Havanese. This toy breed can weigh up to sixteen pounds, which sounds a lot for a toy breed. They can be as tall as eleven inches.
Did You Know?: Bichon Havanese dogs can be trained to use a litter box just like a cat.
Fun Fact: The Bichon Havanese is said to have come from Blanquito de la Habana which is extinct. The Blanquito de la Habana came from another breed of dog that is also now extinct.
Breed Common Health Problems: Cataracts, heart disease, luxating patella, liver disease, brown tear stains, and retinal dysplasia.
Ideal For: This is an ideal breed for anyone who lives in a small flat. While these dogs require plenty of exercise, they can be kept in a small space without problem. These dogs do require a lot of attention to keep them happy. They get along well with other dogs and children.
9) Border Terrier
The Border terrier was originally referred to as Conquetdale Terrier and has been around since the eighteen hundreds. This breed can weigh up to fourteen pounds. Border Terriers have a wiry undercoat and longer softer outer coat. The lifespan of these dogs can be as long as fourteen years. They can stand as tall as sixteen inches.
Did You Know?: Border terriers were originally bred to chase fox out of foxholes.
Fun Fact: Border Terriers are very intelligent and great at learning a variety of tricks.
Breed Common Health Problems: Cataracts, heart defects, progressive retinal atrophy, perthes disease, hip dysplasia, seizures.
Ideal For: A Border terrier is the perfect dog for an active family. They are great with children and other pets. They make ideal house dogs if they are properly exercised.
10) Boston Terrier – Lightweight/Middleweight
The lightweight to middle weight Boston terrier has only been around for approximately a century. They originated in the United States and have earned the nickname “American Gentleman.” They can weigh up to twenty five pounds and stand up to 17 inches tall. These gentle dogs have a lifespan that ranges from thirteen to fifteen years.
Did You Know?: Boston terriers can have up to six puppies in one litter.
Fun Fact: The Boston terrier is the school mascot for Boston University.
Breed Common Health Problems: Patella problems, reverse sneezes, flatulence, corneal ulcers
Ideal For: The lightweight to middleweight Boston terrier is the perfect pet for people with children. These dogs have a patient temperament and if they are properly socialised they will get along nicely with other animals.
11) Cairn Terrier
Cairn terriers are best known for being one of the oldest breeds of terriers. They originated in Scotland and were used to get rid of vermin. They can weigh up to sixteen pounds and be as tall as thirteen inches. They have a shaggy outer coat with a silky soft under coat. Brindle, red, cream, gray, or black are the most common colors of Cairn terriers. These dogs have the ability to live as long as eighteen years or more. These dogs were originally called Skye Terriers.
Did You Know?: The wiry coat repels water even in the wettest conditions.
Fun Fact: Toto, from the Wizard of Oz, was a Cairn terrier. Toto is by far the most famous Cairn terrier to date.
Breed Common Health Problems: Hip dysplasia, luxating patella, progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts, diabetes, corneal dystrophy, lens luxation.
Ideal For: Cairn terriers are great companion dogs and are ideal for a wide variety of people. They make awesome therapy dogs. They do not bark a lot which makes them perfect for HDB living.
12) Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a toy breed that originates from the United Kingdom. They are approximately one foot tall and weigh up to eighteen pounds. These dogs can live up to fourteen years. The coat of this breed is short, but silky-coming in colours such as chestnut and white, black white and tan, ruby, and black and tan. Feathering grows on their ears which is one of the most recognisable traits of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.
Did You Know?: World War II almost wiped out the breeding of Cavalier King Charles Spaniels.
Fun Fact: The red and white spaniels were once known as Blenheim.
Breed Common Health Problems: Mitral valve, heart disease, Syringomyelia, episodic falling, hip dysplasia, Luxating patella.
Ideal For: The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel makes a great pet for just about anyone. They have a calm temperament and are ideal pets for apartment living. These dogs are extremely intelligent and are easy to house break.
Chihuahuas are a companion dog and by far the smallest dog. This dog was named after the state in Mexico with the same name. These dogs can live as long as eighteen years and weigh up to six pounds. Chihuahuas have two coat types. The first type is the short haired while the other is the long haired variety. These dogs can stand as tall as nine inches, but are usually shorter. These dogs can come in a wide variety of colors. There is much debate regarding the origin of the Chihuahua.
Did You Know?: There are apple head Chihuahuas that have a shorter snout and rounder head.
Fun Fact: This breed prefers companions that are of the same breed or mixed breed.
Breed Common Health Problems: Hydrocephalus, low blood sugar, eye infections, moleras, and collapsed trachea.
Ideal For: The Chihuahua may or may not be an ideal family pet. It is highly speculated that a Chihuahua’s temperament is largely dependant on its upbringing-more so than other dog breeds! Perhaps ideal for families that can devote time and effort in his/her dog’s training.
14) Chinese Crested Dog
This hairless breed comes with and without fur. They can weigh up to thirteen pounds and can stand up to a foot tall. These dogs can live up to fourteen years. These dogs are quite playful and affectionate. They like to sit up on high places like a cat. While able to jump great distances, these dogs often prefer to lay down and relax.
Did You Know?: These dogs most likely got their name because they were used as ratters on Chinese boats.
Fun Fact: Chinese Crested dogs can get acne on their skin. That is why skin care is so important when it comes to this breed.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating patella, poor dentition, Primary Lens Luxation, allergies, auto immune disease.
Ideal For: These dogs make great companion dogs, but do not have patience for small children. They have a great temperament that allows them to socialize well with other animals.
15) Chinese Imperial Chin
This toy breed originated in China. These dogs can weigh up to nine pounds and are nine inches tall. The Chinese Imperial Chin can have many different fur colours. This breed is a cousin of the Chinese Crested. It is important to keep this breed of dog well groomed to prevent matting.
Did You Know?: These dogs were originally bred to keep the emperor’s feet warm.
Fun Fact: These dogs are also known as the Imperial Shih-Tzu.
Breed Common Health Problems: Low blood sugar, spinal disc disease, eye infections, early tooth loss, prone to respiratory infections.
Ideal For: These dogs have a calm temperament, but easily get excited and love to play. They love sitting on laps which make them a good choice for the elderly. This breed is a good choice for people with children or who live in a HDB flat.
16) Chinese Temple Dog
This breed originated in China. They can weigh up to twenty pounds and live up to twelve years. They can come in a variety of colors. These dogs can stand up to fifteen inches tall. These dogs are very active and require a lot of exercise. There are two different kinds of Chinese Temple dogs. There is the classic breed and the miniature breed. The miniature breed is much smaller of course and much better suited for living in a flat or apartment.
Did You Know?: These dogs were originally bred to guard the palace.
Fun Fact: These dogs have a very thick coat, but only shed a minimal amount.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating patella, hip dysplasia.
Ideal For: Small children and this breed do not mix.
17) Coton de Tulear
This small breed is named after a city in Madagascar. These companion dogs can weigh up to thirteen pounds and stand up to a foot tall. This breed can live as long as fourteen years. They are usually black, white, gray, or any combination of the three colors. These dogs are very vocal and tend to bark more than others breeds. However, they are extremely playful and very easy to train.
Did You Know?: These dogs are thought to have been brought to Madagascar by pirate ships.
Fun Fact: This breed does not shed much even though they are quite fluffy.
Breed Common Health Problems: Liver shunts, heart problems, eye problems.
Ideal For: These dogs are ideal for flat living. They fit in nicely in homes with children.
18) Czech Terrier
This hdb approved dog has a lifespan of up to fifteen years. This breed is another alleged ‘hypoallergenic dog’. They can weigh between fifteen and twenty two pounds. This dog is also called the Cesky terrier. This breed stands around eleven inches tall. Their coat can come in any shade of gray. The Czech terrier originated in Czechoslovakia.
Did You Know?: This breed is a cross between Sealyham terrier and Scottish terrier.
Fun Fact: Frantisek Horak created this breed during the communist reign in Czechoslovakia and caught the attention of the secret police.
Breed Common Health Problems: Scotty cramp, luxating patella, cardiac problems, hip dysplasia, eye disorders.
Ideal For: This breed is ideal for apartment living and they are good with children.
The Dachshund breed can live up to sixteen years. They are roughly nine inches tall and weigh anywhere from sixteen to thirty two pounds. The miniature variety of Dachshunds weigh less than eleven pounds. This breed usually is black or brown or a mixture of the two. This breed originated in Germany.
Did You Know?: The Dachshund is also called the wiener dog or sausage dog.
Fun Fact: The Dachshund has been traditionally seen a the symbol of Germany.
Breed Common Health Problems: Intervertebral disk disease, patellar luxation, brittle bone disease, cataracts, glaucoma.
Ideal For: People with children or other small animals, like birds, should reconsider getting this breed as pet. This breed is a great companion dog for adults who are active.
20) Dandie Dinmont Terrier
This breed is easily recognisable by the top knot of hair on top of its head. They can get up to eleven inches tall and weigh eighteen to twenty four pounds. This breed can live up to fifteen years. They originated in Scotland. These dogs are energetic and very independent.
Did You Know?: One of the rarest native breeds to the British Isles.
Fun Fact: These dogs can dig extremely large holes in a short period of time despite their small size.
Breed Common Health Problems: Spinal disc herniation, canine cancer, glaucoma.
Ideal For: People who have other pets – especially small animals, should not have this breed of dog. It is not recommended for families with small children either.
21) English Toy Spaniel
This breed can live up to twelve years and weighs up to fourteen pounds. They are ten to eleven inches tall and have long fluffy ears. These dogs are also known as the King Charles Spaniel in England.
Did You Know?: This breed has a high prey drive.
Fun Fact: The fur colours on this Spaniel determines the four breeds – Black and tan for “King Charles”, tricoloured for “Prince Charles”, red and white for “Blenheim” and single reddish colour for”Ruby”.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating patella, hip dysplasia, heart disease.
Ideal For: This dog is good with children and ideal for elderly people who cannot deal with more active dogs. This breed adjusts nicely to HDB living.
22) Griffon Belge
Another breed that is often labelled as ‘hypoallergenic’ and stands about eight inches tall. They can weigh as much as twelve pounds. This breed can live as long as fifteen years. This breed is also known as Brussels Griffon. This breed originated in Belgium.
Did You Know?: World War I and World War II almost wiped this breed out completely.
Fun Fact: These dogs were kept in stables to get rid of rodents.
Breed Common Health Problems: This breed is not prone to health problems, but does require regular heart checkups.
Ideal For: This is an ideal dog for families because the Griffon Belge gets along well with children.
23) German Hunting Terrier
The German Hunting terrier is also known as Jagdterrier. This breed originates in Germany and stands approximately sixteen inches tall. This breed can weigh as much as twenty two pounds. These dogs are black and tan and were originally bred as work dogs. These dogs are not very patient.
Did You Know?: Compared to other breeds, the German Hunting terrier is a fairly ‘new’ breed.
Fun Fact: This breed barely sheds.
Breed Common Health Problems: Cataracts, hip dysplasia, eye problems.
Ideal For: This is an ideal dog for people who love the outdoors.
24) Griffon Brabancon
Belonging to a breed of toy dogs from the Griffon Bruxellois or Brussels Griffon family originating from Brussels, Belgium. This breed of HDB approved dogs can live as long as fifteen years and weigh twelve pounds. They can be as tall as eight inches. These dogs can be black, tan and black, blue, brown, or red. This breed is one of the varieties of Griffon Bruxaellois.
Did You Know?: Unaware of its size, this breed will challenge bigger dogs.
Fun Fact: This breed sheds very little hair.
Breed Common Health Problems: This breed does not experience many health problems.
Ideal For: This is an ideal breed for families. This breed adjusts well to living in an apartment.
25) Mexican Hairless Dog
The Mexican hairless dog ; also known as Xoloitzcuintli. These dogs can weigh between ten and fifty pounds. They vary in size. This breed is known for their calm temperament. These breed has often been bred for guard dogs. These dogs are slaves to their instincts and will chase anything that runs.
Did You Know?: This breed was highly revered by Aztecs and Mayans.
Fun Fact: Some people in Mexico believe that these hairless dogs have healing powers.
Breed Common Health Problems: There are not any health problems associated with this breed.
Ideal For: Needless to say, the climate in Singapore suits this breed of hairless dogs. This dog is sociable which means it is good with other animals.
26) Italian Greyhound
This breed can weigh between six and fifteen pounds and stand just over one foot. These dogs can live up to fifteen years. Since these dogs have very short hair – which is ideal for Singapore weather, there is hardly any grooming involved. These dogs make pretty good guard dogs due to the fact that they bark at unfamiliar sounds.
Did You Know?: This toy breed is often referred to as miniature greyhounds, even though there is no such thing as a miniature greyhound.
Fun Fact: This breed is known to be skittish and has a double extension gallop.
Breed Common Problems: Bone density issues, liver shunts, cataracts, luxating patella, epilepsy.
Ideal For: These dogs are good for apartments if they are properly exercised. They do well with children of all ages.
27) Jack Russell Terrier
The Jack Russell Terrier is probably one of the most well known terriers, being featured in movies such as ‘The Mask’. These dogs can weigh up to seventeen pounds and be as tall as one foot. They can live up to fifteen years. This breed originated in England. The Jack Russell was bred for hunting purposes.
Did You Know?: Reverend John Russell was the first breeder of this dog.
Fun Fact: The Jack Russell Terrier is well-known for being highly intelligent and really shines with proper training.
Breed Common Health Problems: patellar luxation, cataracts, ataxia.
Ideal For: These dogs are excellent for people who love being outdoors. These dogs require a lot of activity and exercise. They are great for families with children.
28) Japanese Spaniel
Also known as the Japanese Chin, the Japanese spaniel can live up to fourteen years and weighs up to nine pounds. They can be as tall as elven inches. These dogs are very independent and somewhat cat like. They are also known as the Japanese Chin. There are many variations of this breed.
Did You Know?: Most dogs in Japan work, but these dogs were meant strictly for companionship.
Fun Fact: Despite being called a Japanese Chin / Spaniel – this breed actually originated in China.
Breed Common Health Problems: luxating patella, heart murmurs, cataracts, low blood sugar.
Ideal For: These dogs make ideal companions for just about anyone. They adjust nicely to HDB living.
29) Japanese Spitz
The Japanese Spitz has been gaining popularity among Singapore pet owners. This breed can live as long as sixteen years. They are around thirteen inches tall and weigh around nineteen pounds. These dogs are covered in thick, lovely white fur. The Japanese Spitz is known to be very intelligent and easy to train.
Did You Know?: This dog is a larger cousin of the Pomeranian.
Fun Fact: These dogs were not exhibited at any dog show until 1921.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating patella, runny eyes.
Ideal For: This dogs are good for families with children if properly trained, They are obedient, playful and very active but they do require a lot of upkeep when it comes to grooming. They make ideal watch dogs.
30) Lhasa Apso
This long-haired breed requires constant grooming to maintain its lovely long fur and can live up to fourteen years. Their long dense coat requires special care and attention. They can stand as tall as eleven inches and weigh up to fifteen pounds. They are highly devoted to their owners and are very loyal.
Did You Know?: In Tibetan language, apso means bearded.
Fun Fact: The Lhasa Apso is one of the oldest recognized breeds in the entire world.
Breed Common Health Problems: Progressive retinal atrophy, sebaceous adenitis, cherry eye.
Ideal For: Families that have slight older children that have time to give attention to this breed’s grooming needs.
31) Little Lion Dog / Löwchen
Also known as a Löwchen, this breed can live up to fourteen years and is hypoallergenic. They can weigh between eight and thirteen pounds and stand as tall as thirteen inches. This breed is very friendly, playful, and loyal. The coat of this dog is often groomed to look like a lion.
Did You Know?: This breed was once one of the rarest breeds in the world.
Fun Fact: The Little Lion dog can be traced back as far as 1442.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating patella, cataracts, eye problems.
Ideal For: This energetic breed is an ideal dog for families because it gets along so well with everyone. If properly exercised, this type of dog adjust nicely to HDB living.
32) Lakeland Terrier
The Lakeland terrier can get up to fifteen inches tall and weighs approximately fifteen to seventeen pounds. This breed can live as long as sixteen years. This friendly breed is extremely easy to train and supposedly a ‘hypoallergenic’ breed.
Did You Know?: This dog breed is known for its problem solving abilities.
Fun Fact: This breed does not shed much.
Breed Common Health Problems: The Lakeland terrier does not have any serious health problems associated with it.
Ideal For: This is an ideal breed for just about anyone. These dogs do require quite a bit of grooming, but can easily be trained due to their intelligence.
The Maltese is a toy breed that has a average lifespan fifteen years. This highly affectionate breed can weigh up to seven pounds and is approximately eight to ten inches tall. The Maltese is nicknamed the Maltese lion puppy. This breed is known for being very loyal to its caregiver and requires constant grooming to maintain its luscious white fur. A popular choice for female dog owners in Singapore.
Did You Know?: The paws of this breed are extremely sensitive – more so than other dogs.
Fun Fact: Also named ‘Roman Ladies’ Dog’, the Maltese does not shed making this breed the ideal dog for people with allergies.
Breed Common Health Problems: Teething problems, eye problems.
Ideal For: The Maltese is a lively breed that adjusts well to HDB living. This breed requires less exercise than other breeds and is ideal for people with busy schedules.
34) Manchester Terrier
Often confused with the Miniature Pinscher due to similar appearances, the smooth coated Manchester Terrier has a lifespan of up to sixteen years and can weigh up to twenty two pounds. Coat colors come in black, tan, blue or any variation of the three. The Manchester Terrier originated in England.
Did You Know?: The Manchester terrier is one of the oldest breeds of Terriers – with works mentioning this breed as early as the 16th century.
Fun Fact: The result of cross breeding between a Terrier and a Whippet – the Manchester Terrier was used to hunt rats, rabbits and foxes.
Breed Common Health Problems: There are not a lot of health problems associated with this breed.
Ideal For: This breed requires a lot of socialization and has a lot of energy. An excellent jogging companion that loves the outdoors.
35) Miniature Pinscher
Often mistaken as a Manchester Terrier – the Miniature Pinscher can live as long as thirteen years and weigh as much as eleven pounds. They stand about twelve inches high and have an energetic temperament.
Did You Know?: This breed is the smallest breed to have originated in Germany.
Fun Fact: This breed is not a miniature version of a Doberman Pinscher.
Breed Common Health Problems: luxating patella, cataracts, low blood sugar.
Ideal For: This breed require much less physical activity when compared to theManchester Terrier. They are known for being smart yet stubborn and are very avid ‘chewers’. Not recommended for families with young children.
36) Miniature Schnauzer
The Miniature Schnauzer was once quite popular in Singapore.This breed originated in Germany and can live as long as fifteen years. They are approximately fourteen inches tall and weigh around eighteen pounds. This breed is extremely intelligent, but very spirited.
Did You Know?: The miniature Schnauzer is the result of breeding a standard Schnauzer with a Poodle or Affenpinscher.
Fun Fact: This playful dog requires an outlet for their energy, and will often entertain themselves (badly) if left alone too long.
Breed Common Health Problems: Bladder stones, diabetes, eye problems, ear infections.
Ideal For: This breed is highly ideal for families with children and adjusts well to HDB living. They are known to be energetic, friendly and intelligent. A popular breed for contending in dog competitions. Due to this breed’s high preying instinct, people that have smaller animals or cats living nearby should exercise caution.
37) Norfolk Terrier
The Norfolk terrier is a British breed that weighs twelve pounds and stands ten inches tall. Often regarded as a breed with ‘good substance‘* and bone. The Norfold Terrier has the softest temperament of all the terrier breeds. They are not very vocal or ‘yappy’ but will bark at the appropriate times when trained to do so.
Did You Know?: Along with the Norwich terrier, this breed is the smallest working terrier.
Fun Fact: As a pack dog, the Norfolk terrier will take turns at its prey.
Breed Common Health Problems: Mitral valve disease, hip dysplasia, luxating patellas.
Ideal For: This breed loves people and children and makes an excellent addition to any family. They thrive on lots of human contact and their required activity level is based on the environment they are living in.
*Good substance refers to having a good spring of rib and bone that matches the body such that the dog can be very agile.
38) Norwich Terrier
Originating from the United Kingdom – the Norwich terrier is often referred to a cute and ‘cuddly’, all packed in a tiny package. This teddy bear looking terrier weighs about twelve pounds and stands about ten inches tall. This breed’s fur comes in tan, wheaten, red, black, or a variation of colors. These dogs have a lifespan of up to sixteen years.
Did You Know?: This breed is rare due to the fact that they have small litters and often require caesarian sections.
Fun Fact: They are known for their huge appetites and will eat almost anything edible they find.
Breed Common Health Problems: Hip dysplasia, luxating patella, tooth problems, mitral valve disease, birthing problems.
Ideal For: This breed is great for families with children. They are not known to be aggressive or shy either. They are energetic and require an active lifestyle.
Also known as the Continental Toy Spaniel, the Papillon lives up to fifteen years and can weigh as much as ten pounds standing eleven inches tall, this sociable dog breed is one of the oldest breeds of toy spaniels. This breed does tend to shed quite a bit.
Did You Know?: It is unknown if this breed originated from either Belgium or France.
Fun Fact: This breed is known as the butterfly dog due to its ears.
Breed Common Health Problems: Seizures, luxating patella, dental issues.
Ideal For: This is a great dog for the elderly because of this breed’s calm nature. It adjusts nicely to HDB living. People who do not want to deal with shedding might want to avoid this dog.
This adoring breed can weigh up to fourteen pounds and stand as tall as nine inches. They can live twelve to fifteen years. They originated in China and . The Pekingese breed are often called Lion dogs, Peking dogs or Pelchie dogs.
Did You Know?: This breed were often the companions of Chinese Buddhist Monks. This breed has been around for over 2000 years.
Fun Fact: This breed was often the companion of Chinese royalty of the Chinese Imperial Court .
Breed Common Health Problems: Eye issues, breathing problems, heart problems, progressive retinal atrophy.
Ideal For: This breed does not mix well with children and have been known to be quite aggressive, but they do make a great companion dog for families with older or no children. They also make excellent companions for the elderly.
This breed of Spitz originated in German and in Poland with fur coats ranging from white, orange, brown and tan. They can weigh up to seven pounds and stand eight to twelve inches tall. The Pomeranian can live as long as fifteen years. This breed is very friendly and outgoing.
Did You Know?: This breed was brought to England in 1767. Queen Victoria of England was a proud owner of this breed.
Fun Fact: In 1912, there were three dogs that survived the sinking of the Titanic. Two of them were Pomeranians.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating patella, deafness, intraocular pressure, colobomas, black skin disease.
Ideal For: This breed does not mix well with other animals and are not good with children either. However, they are ideal companions for adults and the elderly.
There are three different versions of poodles – the standard poodle, the miniature poodle, and toy poodle. A popular breed for ladies around the world, with a multitude of haircuts available for this stylish breed. This breed does not shed much – often being labelled as hypoallergenic – and can live up to fifteen years. Poodles are known for their high level of intelligence.
Did You Know?: This breed needs to be groomed every six weeks to maintain its beautiful fur coat.
Fun Fact: The Standard Poodle was actually used in duck hunting.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating patella, collapsing trachea, dental problems.
Ideal For: The three versions of this dog all fit well with families with children and they get along well with other dogs as well. They do tend to become overprotective of their primary caregiver though.
The Pug originated in China and brought to Europe in the 16th Century. This breed can live up to fifteen years. They are very sociable and love to play. They can be as tall as twelve inches. They are recognizable by their curly tail and flat face.
Did You Know?: This breed was brought to Europe during the sixteenth century.
Fun Fact: This breed was created to be companions to ruling families.
Breed Common Health Problems: Hip dysplasia, eye prolapse, reverse sneezing, demodetic mange.
Ideal For: Pugs make great companions for people with children and the elderly. They are social animals and get along well with other breeds of dogs.
44) Miniature Poodle
When it comes to behaviour and trainability, the miniature poodle is the best dog that you can get. Slightly larger than the Toy Poodle, this breed requires a lot of grooming, but make beautiful, intelligent companions.
Did You Know?: Miniature poodles tend to excel in advanced obedience competition.
Fun Fact: The Miniature poodle is the most hypoallergenic and lightest shedding breed.
Breed Common Health Problems: Retinal atrophy, cataracts, heart disease, ear infections, skin allergies
Ideal For: This is an ideal breed for the elderly because this breed is not very active. This breed gets along well with other animals, but they do require a lot of grooming.
This breed originates from Belgium and is referred to as a small sheelpdog. It has been around since the sixteenth century. This breed can live up to fifteen years. They can weigh up to nineteen pounds and be as tall as twelve inches.
Did You Know?: This breed is often referred to as little black devil because it is so head strong.
Fun Fact: During World War II, this breed was used to move messages between the hideouts of the resistance.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating patella, tooth problems, heart problems.
Ideal For: This is not an ideal dog breed for people with children. This breed is very active and requires a lot of physical activity.
46) Scottish Terrier
This breed is often referred to as the Scotty. It is a ‘hypoallergenic breed’ that can live up to fifteen years. This playful breed has fur covered in wheaten, black, and brindle. They can weigh up to twenty two pounds and stand as tall as eleven inches. Well known for being feisty and fiercely loyal to its family.
Did You Know?: The Scottish terrier is one of the five breeds that originated in Scotland.
Fun Fact: This breed is a popular choice for celebrities. Even the 32nd President Of the United States – Franklin Roosevelt had one.
Breed Common Health Problems: Glaucoma, patellar luxation, cataracts.
Ideal For: The Scottish terrier gets along well with other animals and small children. Requires occasional exercise, this breed does well in HDB living.
47) Sealyham Terrier
The Sealyham Terrier is a Welsh breed that is hypoallergenic. This breed originated in Wales. This friendly breed can live up to fourteen years and weigh up to eighteen pounds. They are often referred to a ‘Sealies’, they sport a double coat which requires a wire brush for constant grooming.
Did You Know?: This breed was greatly popular among Hollywood stars after World War I.
Fun Fact: This breed was originally used as a hunting dog.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating lens, Canine degenerative myelopathy.
Ideal For: This is an ideal breed for just about anyone and is easy to train. The Sealyham Terrier enjoys the company of others but is also fine with being left alone by itself.
48) Shetland Sheep Dog
Otherwise referred to as a ‘Sheltie’. This herding breed originated in Scotland and weighs up to twenty seven pounds. They can be as tall as sixteen inches. This breed can live up to thirteen years. This affectionate and energetic breed is easy to train was bred to thrive in harsh environments.
Did You Know?: The original name of this breed was the Shetland Collie.
Fun Fact: The Sheltie’s fur coat may change in colour as they age – with the colour change depending on their ancestry.
Breed Common Health Problems: Eye problems, hip dysplasia, skin allergies.
Ideal For: This dog does not adjust to HDB living well unless well exercised. It is good for families with children, but not the elderly because this breed is highly active.
49) Shih Tzu
The Shih Tzu weighs sixteen pounds and stands as tall as ten inches. They have a lifespan of sixteen years. The origin of this breed is uncertain although it is speculated that this breed was from the Tibet Plateau and was further developed / cultivated in China. This breed is often labelled as ‘hypoallergenic’. Regular grooming is required to prevent serious matting of it fast-growing, long fur.
Did You Know?: DNA analysis shows that this breed belongs to a group of ‘ancient breeds’ that have close genetic relationship to wolves.
Fun Fact: This breed is often called Chrysanthemum dog.
Breed Common Health Problems: Eye issues, breathing problems, intervertebral disease.
Ideal For: These dogs can do well in homes with other dogs and children but are known to be quite stubborn and relatively hard to train.
50) Silky Terrier
The Silky terrier is said to have originated in Australia. This breed is about ten inches tall and weighs up to ten pounds. The lifespan of a Silky terrier is around fifteen years. This breed is a close relative of the Yorkshire Terrier. Until 1929, all three breeds of the Yorkshire Terrier, Australian Terrier and Silky Terrier were not properly defined and dogs of these three different breeds might be born in the same litter – only to be separated by appearance when they grew older.
Did You Know?: While companion dogs, this breed often killed snakes in Australia.
Fun Fact: This breed is categorised in the toy breed more often than the terrier breed.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating patella, teeth problems, hip dysplasia.
Ideal For: This active and alert breed of dog is ideal for HDB living if they are properly exercised. They get along well with older children and other animals. They love to run around if given the chance and should be allowed to socialise to prevent boredom.
51) Small Continental Spaniel
The Small Continental spaniel is another name for the Papillon breed – this is the same breed as the Papillon breed. There is no difference between the Papillon breed and the small Continental spaniel. They are pretty much the same dog.
Did You Know?: This breed is one of the oldest terrier breeds.
Fun Fact: The origin of this breed is debatable.
Breed Common Health Problems: Seizures, luxating patella, dental issues.
Ideal For: This breed is ideal for homes with older children.
52) Small English Terrier
We assume that the ‘Small English Terrier’ that is the HDB is referring to is actually the English Toy Terrier. This fast and agile breed can be as tall as twelve inches and weigh as much as eight pounds. This breed has a lifespan of twelve years. This breed has the same appearance as a miniature pinscher.
Did You Know?: This breed is very rare – so much that this breed is on the UK Kennel Club’s list of vulnerable native breeds!
Fun Fact: This breed was often used to compete in a sport called ‘rat pits’ where they were placed in a pit full of rats and bets were taken to see which dog could meet it’s quota in kills before the time limit.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating patella, deafness, skin problems.
Ideal For: This is an ideal breed for families without small children. This is a breed is friendly, intelligent and loves to bark.
53) Small Spitz
Spitz is a term used to describe several different breeds that share the same ancestors or traits. There are many different kinds of spitz – The term ‘small spitz’ is a term used to describe smaller versions of this breed.
Did You Know?: There are German Spitz, Finnish Spitz, and even Indian Spitz.
Fun Fact: The three largest Spitz breeds were used as sledding dogs.
Breed Common Health Problems: There are not a lot of health problems associated with this breed.
Ideal For: This is an ideal breed for the elderly. They enjoy sitting on laps and soaking up affection.
54) Smooth Fox Terrier
This energetic and playful breed can weigh as much as eighteen pounds and stand as tall as fifteen inches. This breed can live as long as fifteen years. The Smooth Fox terrier originates from England and is widely known but not widely owned.
Did You Know?: This breed was originally a hunting dog.
Fun Fact: It is believed that a large number of Terriers descended from this breed.
Breed Common Health Problems: Lens luxating, luxating patella, deafness, cataracts.
Ideal For: This is an ideal breed for families with a large yard. This breed requires low maintenance and adjusts well to HDB living if properly exercised.
55) Toy Fox Terrier
This toy breed is pretty active and intelligent. can live as long as fourteen years. They can stand up to eleven inches tall. This is a very intelligent breed that is easy to house train. While they are an active breed, it should be noted that they are noticeably less active than their Jack Russell Terrier cousins.
Did You Know?: This breed is a direct descendent of the Fox terrier breed. This breed’s lineage dates back to a Fox terrier breed called Foiler.
Fun Fact: This breed was common used as circus performers by clowns.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating patella, allergies.
Ideal For: This playful breed is easy to train and gets along great with other animals. Extremely recommended for elderly / older owners or owners with disabilities – a great breed for HDB living and companionship.
56) Toy Terrier
Toy Terrier is a term used to describe all toy Terriers. This is not a specific breed of dog, but instead is a general term used to describe different types of terriers. Some examples are Japanese Terrier, English Toy Terrier, Toy Fox Terrier, Manchester Terrier, Yorkshire Terrier, Australian Silky Terrier, Russian Toy Terrier.
Did You Know?: Terriers are one of the most loyal breeds.
Fun Fact: Many breeds fall under the toy Terrier group.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating patella, hip dysplasia, eye problems.
Ideal For: Please refer to the description of the individual Terrier breeds you are interested in.
57) Tibetan Spaniel
The Tibetan Spaniel is a breed of dogs that originates from the Himalayan mountains of Tibet from over 2500 years ago. They have similar ancestry with the Japanese Chin, Lhasa Apso, Pug, Shih Tzu, Pekingese and Tibetan Terrier.
This assertive breed can live up to fifteen years. This breed can be as tall as nine inches. They can weigh up to fifteen pounds. This breed shares common traits with the Pekingese breed.
Did You Know?: This breed was used a companion for Tibetan monks and is supposedly one of the most social breeds of dog.
Fun Fact: Although a Spaniel by name (which is a classification given to gun dog breeds), the Tibetan Spaniel is not a true Spaniel. Its name was probably given due to how similar it looks to bred-down Spaniels.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating patella, eye problems, cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy, susceptible to allergies.
Ideal For: This is an ideal dog breed for the elderly. They are very affectionate and do not respond well to being left alone. They are empathetic to the emotional needs of their owners (a trait which was cultivated by being developed as companions for Tibetan monks).
58) Volpino Italiano
The name Volpino Italiano translates to Italian Fox. This spitz breed originated in Italy roughly five thousand years ago. It can be as tall as eleven inches and weigh up to nine pounds. This playful breed can come in red, white, honey, and champagne colours.
Did You Know?: The famous painter Michelangelo owned a Volpino and included this breed into his paintings. For example – The Sistine Chapel 1508-1512, left side, third from rear, lower left corner.
Fun Fact: The Volpino Italiano was loved by Italian royalty, especially the ladies.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating lens, hip dysplasia, cataracts, respiratory problems
Ideal For: This breed gets along well with children and other animals. They are affectionate and loyal making excellent watch dogs.
59) West Highland Terrier
Often referred to as a Westie, the West Highland terrier is another well known ‘hypoallergenic breed’ that can live up to sixteen years. This breed originates from Scotland and has a lovely double coat that requires proper grooming attention.
A hardy breed that is often inquisitive and playful, this Terrier can be stubborn at times if trained properly, makes the ideal pet for many in HDB living. This breed can weigh up to fifteen pounds and more often than not, this breed is all white.
Did You Know?: This breed is used in several commercials including Caesar’s dog food ads and is owned by well-known celebrities such as J.K Rowling.
Fun Fact: This breed one of the most popular breeds in the UK and always remaining in the top third of dog breeds in the US. Even our little #Westietheintern, who helps out around the office is pretty popular with our customers.
Breed Common Health Problems: Hernias, cataracts, Luxating patella, hip dysplasia, Skin problems, prone to allergies.
Ideal For: The temperament of this breed of dog varies greatly. Some are friendly towards children while others prefer to be left alone. An active dog that requires exercise (about 15-30mins daily at least), this dog loves to play around with their owners. Generally, Westie’s are highly social and the most friendly of Scottish Terriers.
60) Wire Haired Fox Terrier
This is a Fox Terrier breed even though it looks similar to a smooth coat Terrier. This ‘hypoallergenic breed’ originated in England. This breed can weigh as much as twenty pounds and stand fifteen inches tall.
They have a low threshold for boredom and requires constant stimulation and activity to keep them occupied. They are often abandoned due to their lack of ability to listen to commands or aggravating and then attacking other household cats and dogs.
Did You Know?: Fox Terriers were bred to be independent thinkers – capable of tactical maneuvering for hunting rats and other sports.
Fun Fact: This breed was developed by hunting enthusiasts.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating patella, luxating lens, cataracts.
Ideal For: An experienced dog owner who has the time and patience to handle and properly train this breed. Fox Terriers tend to make good guard dogs.
61) Welsh Terrier
This breed hails from Wales and is known for being very playful. This ‘hypoallergenic breed’ can live as long as fifteen years and weighs up to twenty pounds. This breed was originally used to hunt rodents but are mostly bred for entering dog shows in modern times. A generally lively and friendly dog but does not respond well to challenges of aggression.
Did You Know?: This breed is known as one of the oldest breeds to come from the United Kingdom.
Fun Fact: This breed of dog ranks fifty seventh when it comes to intelligence.
Breed Common Health Problems: Luxating lens, cataracts, glaucoma.
Ideal For: The Welsh Terrier can get along with families that have young children and loves to play and follow young children around. However do take note that they may tug at a child’s clothes or knock them over while playing by accident – this problem can be easily be rectified by introducing them to your child at a young age where they can learn to be gentle.
62) Yorkshire Terrier
This breed originated in England and has a lifespan of up to sixteen years. This breed is ‘hypoallergenic’, hardly losing any hair when bathed or brushed. Owners who do not have the time to brush and groom their dogs often often choose to keep the Yorkshire’s hair short.
The Yorkshire terrier can be as tall as nine inches and weigh as much as six pounds. This dog is prone to Small Dog Syndrome – being overprotective and fond of attention.
Did You Know?: It takes 3-4 years for a Yorkshire Terrier’s fur coat to reach it’s final colors.
Fun Fact: A content Yorkie is a quiet Yorkie.
Breed Common Health Problems: Low blood sugar, luxating patella, lens luxation, bronchitis, digestive issues.
Ideal For: This breed is great for the elderly. It will adjust well to living in a HDB flat if it is taken for regular walks. This breed does not do well with families that have small children.
63) Singapore Special (Project Adore)
Since June 2014, Various organisations have implemented Project Adore ( Adoption and Rehoming of Dogs) this new scheme allows HDB flat owners to adopt slighty larger dogs from approved dog shelters. Singapore Specials are usually strays that have been taken in by shelters. This breed of dogs are growing in popularity in Singapore with more and more families choosing to adopt a dog.
Singapore Specials are usually mixed breeds, therefore there are no certain distinguishing characteristics or markings. This breed of dogs are known to be very hardy due to their harsh living conditions. They come in varying sizes and weight – all depending on their breed lineage.
Did You Know?: Currently, HDB only allows one small breed of dog to be owned. However, under Project Adore – resident can adopt a mixed breed (Singapore Special) up to 50cm tall and weighing up to 15kg from participating shelters.
Fun Fact: The ancestors of the Singapore Specials were abandoned dogs left to fend for themselves on the streets of Singapore, some resorting to hiding in whatever forest was available and foraging for food in the urban areas.
Ideal For: Families who want to give a dog a second chance at life – a better life at that. Due to the diverse breeding pool of the Singapore Special, there is no general temperament. In all honesty, most of these dogs may be afraid of humans. However, most shelters do a good job at rehabilitating and evaluating which dogs are suitable for adoption and rehoming. You should ask the shelter’s representative for more information about which dogs they have are suitable for you.